Tom and Jerry (theatrical shorts)
- For other uses, see Tom and Jerry.
|Tom and Jerry|
|Created by:||William Hanna|
Sib Tower 12
Warner Bros. Animation
Warner Bros. Television Distribution
Warner Bros. Pictures
|Original release:||February 10, 1940―August 1, 1958|
September 7, 1961―September 8, 1967
April 8, 2001
September 26, 2005
February 26, 2021
|Music composed by:||Scott Bradley|
|Second title card|
|Third title card|
|Fourth title card|
|Fifth title card|
1961 version for Gene Deitch's shorts.
|Sixth title card|
1963 version for Chuck Jones's shorts.
|Seventh title card|
The Tom and Jerry animated theatrical shorts were created by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. They were originally distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer from 1940 to 1967, animated by three production companies; the first was their own in-house, with William Hanna and Joseph Barbera directing, from 1940 and 1958, releasing 114; the second was Gene Deitch from 1961 and 1962, releasing 13; and the third and last was Chuck Jones from 1963 and 1967, releasing 34. Since 2001, the series has infrequently been revived, as was the case in the aforementioned year when Hanna-Barbera themselves produced a single short which Warner Bros. Television Distribution debuted on Boomerang, while Warner Bros. Animation (WBA) and distributed Warner Bros. Pictures produced and distributed, respectively, a single theatrical short in 2005. WBA also produced two shorts exclusively for HBO Max, an internet streaming service, in 2021.
The popularity of the MGM shorts, involving the eternal battle of wits between the cat named Tom and the mouse named Jerry, led to the shorts being syndicated, and specially made-for-TV series, which throughout the years have been produced by Hanna-Barbera, Filmation, and WBA. There has also been a 1992 full-length theatrical film Tom and Jerry: The Movie, a 2021 animated/live-action film, Tom & Jerry, and a series of direct-to-video films since 2001, beginning with Tom and Jerry: The Magic Ring.
Closure of MGM's animation department
The original theme was composed by Scott Bradley.
|Switchin' Kitten||1||September 7, 1961|
|Down and Outing||2||October 4, 1961|
|It's Greek to Me-ow!||3||December 7, 1961|
|High Steaks||4||March 23, 1962|
|Mouse into Space||5||April 13, 1962|
|Landing Stripling||6||May 9, 1962|
|Calypso Cat||7||June 21, 1962|
|Dicky Moe||8||July 20, 1962|
|The Tom and Jerry Cartoon Kit||9||August 10, 1962|
|Tall in the Trap||10||September 14, 1962|
|Sorry Safari||11||October 12, 1962|
|Buddies Thicker Than Water||12||November 1, 1962|
|Carmen Get It!||13||December 21, 1962|
Sib Tower 12
|The Mansion Cat||1||April 8, 2001|
Warner Bros. Animation
|The KarateGuard||1||September 26, 2005|
|On a Roll||2||February 20, 2021|
|The House That Cat Built||3||February 20, 2021|
- William Hanna as Tom Cat and Jerry Mouse
- Lillian Randolph as Mammy Two Shoes
As a result of its minimal use of dialogue, Tom and Jerry was easilly translated into various foreign languages. Notable countries where Tom and Jerry are released outside of the United States include the United Kingdom, Japan, Germany, India, and many others.
In Japan, Tom and Jerry made its first release in 1964, where it was first dubbed and produced as a TV series by Transglobal, and aired on TBS (Tokyo Broadcasting System) Television. A 2005 nationwide survey taken in Japan by TV Asahi, sampling age groups from teenagers to adults in their sixties, ranked Tom and Jerry No. 85 in a list of the top 100 anime of all time; while their web poll taken after the airing of the list ranked it at No. 58 – the only non-Japanese animation on the list, and beating anime classics such as Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle, A Little Princess Sara, and the ultra-classics Macross and Ghost in the Shell.[Note 1]
In popular culture
- In "Many Happy Returns," an episode of the British sitcom Mind Your Language, Ali says that TV shows a lot of violence, as he is seeing someone drowned, shot, and having their head chopped off, which all came out of watching Tom and Jerry.
- In the Married... with Children' episode "Requiem for a Dead Barber," Al complained about the current state of cartoons indirectly referring to Tom and Jerry, by telling Peg how a cat will now go to a therapist after a mouse knocks flattens its head with a frying pan.
- When creating the theme music to The Simpsons, Matt Groening cited Scott Bradley's music for Tom and Jerry as one of his inspirations, although he specifically didn't want to use the method of using music to follow actions for the show's theme. A constant feature of the series is Bart and Lisa watching The Itchy & Scratchy Show, a show parodying Tom and Jerry and other cat & mouse cartoons, but is apparently inspired by the Italian comic strip Squeak the Mouse (which itself is a black comedy satire of Tom and Jerry).
- In the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles episode "Rondo in New York," Bebop and Rocksteady watch a cartoon similar to Tom and Jerry named "Cheezy and Sleazy," to which the latter says that it's his favorite cartoon.
- In the Full House episode, Danny tries to impress Lisa by making her guess who he is doing an impression, which is supposed to be Jerry saying, "Stop chasing me, ya mean cat!" But not only does Jerry not talk (usually), but Danny also mistakingly calls him Tom, which he is corrected on both accounts by Joey.
- In the Cowboy Bebop episode "Waltz For Venus," while Spike and Maya board a shuttle flight to Venus to catch a trio of hijackers, a Tom and Jerry-esque cartoon plays as an in-flight movie.
- In the Outnumbered episode "The Long Night," a police officer told the Brockmans that their neighbor had hit her husband over the head with a frying pan which he knows "sounds a bit Tom and Jerry."
- In the American Dad! episode "Merlot Down Dirty Shame," Roger mentions "Tom and Jerry" as a spa package.
- Tom and Jerry are a question in The Yes! No! Game by Paul Lamond Games.
- In series 21, episode 12 of Antiques Road Trip, Phil asks Tim what famous double act they would be together, with Tim answering Tom and Jerry.
The Fairly OddParents
- Main article: The Fairly OddParents
- Channel Chasers (part 2): Timmy, Cosmo, Wanda, and Future Timmy travel into a parody of Tom and Jerry called Ted & Jimmy, with Timmy and the fairies in the role of Jerry and Vicky in the role of Tom. There's even a dog like Spike. Cosmo and Wanda jump in front of the screen every time there is violence and comment they can't believe how this wasn't censored in the 1940s.
- "Mice Capades:" Timmy, Cosmo, and Poof tuned in to see Sleazy and Cheezy!, When it's over, the impressionable baby Poof sees the animosity between Vicky and Timmy as a means of continuing watching Sleazy and Cheezy!, so he transforms them into his very own Sleazy and Cheezy/Tom and Jerry.
- Main article: Family Guy
- "Road to Rupert:" Stewie is superimposed on Jerry who danced with Joe Brady during "The Worry Song" in the film Anchors Aweigh.
- "Valentine's Day in Quahog:" Peter and Lois spend the day in bed during Valentine's Day, which includes watching the final episode of Tom and Jerry, in which Tom hires an exterminator to get rid of Jerry. The exterminator asks Tom what he wants to be done with the body of Jerry, but Tom doesn't care about that part, Jerry can be thrown in the garbage for all he cares, but Tom does show some interest in keeping one of Jerry's oversized mallets.
- In Japan, "anime" (アニメ) is derived from "animation" (アニメーション) and genrally refers to all animation in general, not just Japanese animation.
- "日本全国徹底調査！好きなアニメランキング100". Archived from the original on November 24, 2005. Retrieved June 7, 2023.
- Matt Groening on How The Simpsons Theme Was Influenced by Carl Stalling and Other Great Composers. LA Phil (Sep 5, 2014). Retrieved April 25, 2023.