Super Friends (1973 TV series)

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This article is about the first Super Friends series. For other uses, see Super Friends.
Super Friends
SF 1973 title card.png
On-screen title card.
Network ABC
Production company Hanna-Barbera
DC Comics
Distributor Taft Broadcasting
Original release September 8December 22, 1973
Starring Danny Dark
Olan Soule
Casey Kasem
Shannon Farnon
Norman Alden
Franklin Welker
Sherry Alberoni
Ted Knight
Executive producer(s) William Hanna
Joseph Barbera
Music composed by Hoyt Curtin
Writer(s) Fred Freiberger
Willie Gilbert
Bernie Kahn
Dick Robbins
Ken Rotcop
Henry Sharp
Art Weis
Marshall Williams
Director(s) Charles A. Nichols
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Super Friends is an American animated superhero television series produced by Hanna-Barbera and DC Comics — then known as National Periodical Publications. It aired in 1973 on ABC's Saturday morning line-up, airing 16 hour-long episodes that spanned one season.

The series is based on the Justice League of America comic books, although the cartoon had been retooled into a kid-friendly version, mainly due to the pressure of parents' groups and TV censorship at the time. The cartoon focuses on the adventures of the eponymous team, where Superman, Batman, his sidekick, Robin, Wonder Woman, and Aquaman deal with many threats on an educational level. The Super Friends never used their powers to cause physical harm, and the series was almost entirely uninterested in the mythology of the comics it was based on. Additionally, a moral lesson is given after the situation in question is solved.

Another appeal to the kid audience was a junior team, which consisted of Wendy Harris, her partner Marvin White, and their pet Wonder Dog. Besides being the ones who solve mysteries on a smaller scale, no in-universe explanation was given to the group, although the companion comic resolved this years later.



The series was named Super Friends due to the then-ongoing Vietnam War, since "Justice League of America" would be deemed culturally offensive and patriotic-sounding to foreign countries; although, the team within the series is still referred to as the Justice League and JLA.


The music was composed by Hoyt Curtin.


Episode Number Original air date
"The Power Pirate" 1x01 September 8, 1973
"The Baffles Puzzle" 1x02 September 15, 1973
"Professor Goodfellow's G.E.E.C." 1x03 September 22, 1973
"The Weather Maker" 1x04 September 29, 1973
"Dr. Pelagian's War" 1x05 October 6, 1973
"The Shamon 'U'" 1x06 October 13, 1973
"Too Hot to Handle" 1x07 October 20, 1973
"The Androids" 1x08 October 27, 1973
"The Balloon People" 1x09 November 3, 1973
"The Fantastic Frerps" 1x10 November 10, 1973
"The Ultra Beam" 1x11 November 17, 1973
"The Menace of the White Dwarf" 1x12 November 24, 1973
"The Mysterious Moles" 1x13 December 1, 1973
"Gulliver's Gigantic Goof" 1x14 December 8, 1973
"The Planet Splitter" 1x15 December 15, 1973
"The Watermen" 1x16 December 22, 1973


Dates are in order of release:



Although this incarnation was short-lived, the series was given a second chance in 1977 with The All-New Super Friends Hour, when mainstream interest in superheroes rose due to the ever-increasing abundance of live-action adaptations, such as the weekly TV series Wonder Woman and The Incredible Hulk; and the pièce de résistance, Superman: The Movie. This was followed by several retools in an almost yearly basis that lasted until 1985. Over time, the humor was gradually reduced, and the drama, the physical altercations, and the comics mythology grew into something more comparable, with writers who understood the source material. As a result, it lead to much more faithful adaptations in the 1990s with Batman: The Animated Series and Superman: The Animated Series, which in turn led to a faithful Justice League series in 2001.

The series was homaged in Genndy Tartakovsky's The Justice Friends, a back-up segment in Dexter's Laboratory.

In popular culture

  • In the Duck Dodgers episode "The Green Loontern," a Green Lantern logo appears to transition a scene with music reused from the transition scenes in Super Friends.
  • In the film The Incredibles 2, Evelyn mentions the "superhero friends" about not being there to save her parents, who her father preferred over calling the law.
  • In the film Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back, Justice calls Jay "old friend," as she's lost romantic interest in him, but Jay who hasn't, says he's a "super friend who wants to get back inside the Hall of Justice, yeah."
  • A Looney Tunes/DC Comics special mashup short made for Warner Bros.' 100th anniversary, began with an intro from a familiar-sounding narrator.


  • The Hall of Justice has appeared several times in series set in what has been coined the Arrowverse, which air on The CW. It was introduced as an abandoned S.T.A.R. Labs facility in The Flash episode "Invasion!" It was referred to as the Hall of Justice in the script for the Legends of Tomorrow episode "Invasion!"[1]
    • In the Legends of Tomorrow episode "Crisis on Infinite Earths: Part Five," the Flash has a table made for a small group of the superheroes he was aided by during the Crisis. When they were chatting, they heard monkey noises, which were from the escaped Gleek (who was introduced in The All-New Super Friends Hour), who's escaped his cage. This was followed by the Super Friends theme song.
    • In the Supergirl episode "Back from the Future - Part One," Winn referred to it on-screen as the Hall of Justice for the first time.
  • While not having an official name, the superheroes have both referred to each other and been referred to as the Super Friends.
    • In the Supergirl episode "In Plain Sight," Supergirl told Lena she had become an official Super Friend.
    • In the Batwoman episode "Crisis on Infinite Earths: Part Two," Lex Luthor refers to the superheroes as "Super Friends."
    • In the Supergirl episode "Back from the Future - Part One," both the Martian Manhunter and Winn referred to their group as "Super Friends."
    • In the Supergirl episode "It's a Super Life," Mr. Mxyzptlk referred to Alex and J'onn as Kara's "Super Friends."
    • In the Supergirl episode "Alex in Wonderland," while Alex pretends to be Supergirl, a billboard says that Supergirl is the "#1 Super Friend," and Bonnie calls Supergirl/Alex's friends the "Super Friends."
    • In the Supergirl episode "Welcome Back, Kara!," when William talks about Supergirl and her friends, Andreas gets the idea of calling them "Super Friends."
    • In the Supergirl episode "Dream Weaver," "Super Friends" has apparently become official as Andrea refers to them and even writes on a whiteboard "Superfriends."
    • In the Supergirl episode "Still I Rise," it continues to be used in an apparent official capacity by Supergirl in a vegetable PSA with Brainiac 5.


  • "Prey:" John Jones (Martian Manhunter) refers to the superheroes led by Green Arrow as the "Super Friends."
  • "Absolute Power (Part 1):" Oliver refers to his group as the super friends, while Chloe says they need some standardized trouble alert.
  • "Warrior:" Zatanna told Clark "us Super Friends have to watch out for each other."

Teen Titans Go!

Main article: Teen Titans Go!
  • The Hall of Justice has appeared several times.
  • "Two Parter: Part 1:" There's transition music before the Teen Titans enter the building.
  • "Two Parter: Part 2:" Cyborg gives a Narrator-style intro when the team dresses up in the Justice League's clothes. There is also a "shooting stars" scene transition.
  • "TV Knight 5:" Batman and James Gordon watch the Teen Titans as Super Friends-like characters fight Richard Nixon who ends up being Fidel Castro in disguise, turning it into an episode of Scooby-Doo.

The Venture Bros.

Main article: The Venture Bros.
  • "Handsome Random:" Dr. Monarch allows Captain Sunshine to have his powers at night with artificial sun rays, explained by a Super Friends-style narrator.
  • "Rapacity in Blue:" The Monarch and Henchman 21 get a Super Friends-style intro when they dress up as the Blue Morpho and Kano.


Home media

Reading material

In 1975, DC Comics published a Super Friends wraparound story in Limited Collectors' Edition #41, which confusingly set the universe within the separate Earth-One, which has since been designated as an Earth-Thirty-Two.

In 1976, DC Comics published an ongoing series under the title of The Super Friends, which lasted until 1981, totaling 47 issues.


  1. ^ Guggenheim, Marc (December 2, 2016). "Name in script". Twitter. Retrieved December 3, 2021.